Solar explosions could impact Earth
August 9th, 2011
11:36 AM ET

Solar explosions could impact Earth

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is keeping an eye on a set of solar storms and explosions that could disrupt satellite, telecommunications and electric equipment here on Earth in the next few days.

While activity had reportedly returned to somewhat normal levels when solar winds calmed Monday morning, another explosion Tuesday was three times larger than the February 15 flare, which, until now, was the most significant flare of this solar cycle.

Solar flare may disrupt your GPS

The real forecast worth taking a look at, however, is the one for 2013, when solar activity levels are expected to peak with the next "solar maximum" within the 11-year activity cycle. Electric and magnetic interference from solar storms blasting electrically charged particles into the Earth’s magnetic field can cause major interferences on earth. Already this year, there have been reports of lost high-frequency radio communication with aircraft near the Arctic, along flight paths where pilots depend on such communication for flight safety and guidance.

Pilots and commercial aircraft are not the only ones at risk, either. NOAA cautions that many systems humans use every day are vulnerable to changes in space weather, including GPS applications in mobile phones and in cars, power grids and military satellites.

“We now know how powerful space weather can be and how events that begin on the surface of the Sun can end up wreaking havoc here on Earth,” said Tom Bogdan, SWPC director in Boulder, Colorado. “This is why NOAA has a Space Weather Prediction Center — to forecast when space weather is coming our way, so we can avoid or mitigate damages.”

People in 1859 didn’t have that advantage though, when a solar eruption essentially charged the air on Earth with electricity, taking out telegraph offices across the globe. Some telegraph operators received electric shocks and papers within offices caught fire. The interference even caused telegraph equipment to continue distributing signals once the equipment had been turned off. According to a 2008 report by the National Research Council, an eruption of comparable magnitude today could cause $1 trillion to $2 trillion in damage worldwide.

NOAA officials are working closely with Britain on developing an updated facility to improve forecasting abilities and our understanding of how weather, in space or on Earth, can affect technology systems.

soundoff (468 Responses)
  1. spider

    what location is N17W69? Anyone know that ?

    August 9, 2011 at 7:20 pm |
    • Truthwillsetyoufree

      GOP headquarters I hope!

      August 9, 2011 at 7:21 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      It's on the sun, for the GOP destruction hopers. That said, it's on the right side, mid equator-north end.
      Go to space dot com and view the pictures. There are two sets, from the STEREO satellites, which view the sun from vastly different locations.
      Any help?

      August 9, 2011 at 8:59 pm |
  2. Wzrd1

    Latest from NOAA:
    :Product: Report of Solar-Geophysical Activity
    :Issued: 2011 Aug 09 2200 UTC
    # Prepared jointly by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA,
    # Space Weather Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force.
    #
    Joint USAF/NOAA Report of Solar and Geophysical Activity
    SDF Number 221 Issued at 2200Z on 09 Aug 2011
    IA. Analysis of Solar Active Regions and Activity from 08/2100Z
    to 09/2100Z: Solar activity was high. Region 1263 (N17W83) produced
    an X6/2b flare at 09/0805Z, the largest x-ray event so far in Cycle
    24. This flare was accompanied by multi-frequency radio emissions,
    including a Tenflare (710sfu), and Type II (1551 km/s) and IV
    signatures. A full halo CME was subsequently observed in LASCO C3
    imagery at 09/0906Z. Initial plane-of-sky speed was estimated to be
    about 1000 km/s. Earlier in the period, a CME was observed in LASCO
    C3 imagery at 0406Z. This event was attributed to an M2/1b flare
    from Region 1263 at 09/03435Z. While the area of Region 1263
    diminished over the last 24 hours, the longitudinal extent expanded,
    and the region ended the period as an Ehc type spot group with a
    beta-gamma-delta magnetic configuration.
    IB. Solar Activity Forecast: Solar activity is likely to be low to
    moderate. A slight chance for an isolated X-class flare, and/or
    proton event, remains for Day 1 (10 August). Event probabilities are
    expected to gradually decrease as Region 1263 rotates around the
    west limb.
    IIA. Geophysical Activity Summary 08/2100Z to 09/2100Z:
    The geomagnetic field was quiet to unsettled through the period under
    the continued influence of a coronal hole high speed stream. Solar
    wind speed at the ACE spacecraft was approximately 600 km/s for most
    of the period. The Bz component of the interplanetary magnetic
    field was predominantly near zero. The greater than 100 MeV protons
    crossed the 1 pfu event threshold at 09/0825Z, reached a maximum of
    2 pfu at 09/0855Z, and ended at 09/1045Z. The greater than 10 MeV
    protons crossed the 10 pfu event threshold at 09/0845Z, reached a
    maximum of 26 pfu at 09/1210Z, and ended at 09/1715Z. The greater
    than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit reached high levels
    during the period.
    IIB. Geophysical Activity Forecast: The geomagnetic field is
    expected to be predominantly quiet to unsettled for the next three
    days (10-12 August). Unsettled conditions are expected on Day 1 (10
    August) as a weak remnant of the 08 August CME arrives. Currently,
    a return to mostly quiet conditions is expected on Days 2 and 3
    (11-12 August). Analysis of the 09/0906Z CME is presently underway
    to determine its potential geoeffectiveness.
    III. Event Probabilities 10 Aug-12 Aug
    Class M 60/40/20
    Class X 10/10/05
    Proton 99/60/10
    PCAF Yellow
    IV. Penticton 10.7 cm Flux
    Observed 09 Aug 098
    Predicted 10 Aug-12 Aug 095/085/085
    90 Day Mean 09 Aug 096
    V. Geomagnetic A Indices
    Observed Afr/Ap 08 Aug 008/010
    Estimated Afr/Ap 09 Aug 008/008
    Predicted Afr/Ap 10 Aug-12 Aug 010/010-007/007-005/005
    VI. Geomagnetic Activity Probabilities 10 Aug-12 Aug
    A. Middle Latitudes
    Active 20/15/05
    Minor storm 05/05/05
    Major-severe storm 01/01/01
    B. High Latitudes
    Active 15/20/10
    Minor storm 10/05/05
    Major-severe storm 05/05/01

    August 9, 2011 at 6:33 pm |
    • Paris Hilton

      That's hot

      August 9, 2011 at 6:42 pm |
      • Wzrd1

        I used to use satellite comms a LOT, before I retired from the military. So, I am still on the NOAA mailing list.
        I got this one when I got up this morning:
        Space Weather Message Code: SUMX01
        Serial Number: 70
        Issue Time: 2011 Aug 09 0812 UTC

        SUMMARY: X-ray Event exceeded X1
        Begin Time: 2011 Aug 09 0748 UTC
        Maximum Time: 2011 Aug 09 0805 UTC
        End Time: 2011 Aug 09 0808 UTC
        X-ray Class: X6.9
        Optical Class: 2b
        Location: N17W69
        NOAA Scale: R3 – Strong

        August 9, 2011 at 6:59 pm |
      • Nicole ritchie

        So hot!

        August 10, 2011 at 2:31 am |
    • sam

      SUMMARY: X-ray Event exceeded X1
      Begin Time: 2011 Aug 09 0748 UTC
      Maximum Time: 2011 Aug 09 0805 UTC
      End Time: 2011 Aug 09 0808 UTC
      X-ray Class: X6.9
      Optical Class: 2b
      Location: N17W69
      NOAA Scale: R3 – Strong

      Argh, I used to know what this all meant. Gotta go look it all up again. Thanks for this -

      August 9, 2011 at 7:01 pm |
    • Andrew

      An X6 flare is big but not unheard-of. That's why the scale has an X level. If this flare's CME hit us and the interplanetary magnetic field turns southward we might get a good event for researchers, there might be some problems with radios in the arctic and antarctic, and transoceanic airliners might need to fly lower. Since this flare was near the solar limb the CME might well miss us and nothing might happen. Interesting yes, but don't get too upset about it. There are much bigger problems facing the world today.

      August 10, 2011 at 10:39 pm |
  3. Batman

    Picture this: CME hits Earth directly. All communication is cut off. You can't use your cellphone, no more internet porn, can't use your atm, can't even access your cash in person, no electricity, no water in a matter of days, no food because means of distribution are cut off, no gas to power up your BADASS Hummer H3. National Guard and the gregarious local police are deployed to keep the order; but here's the deal, Americans have never experienced anythign like this, we will suddenly be thrown in a mater of seconds to the dark ages with 5 times the population and far less resources and means to deliver them. What to do? TOTAL KAOS! Suddenly, American Idol, Britney Spears, Lady Gaga and Ashton Kutcher seem meaningless. It happened in 1859, it will happen again. But what do I know, I'm just a scare monger who doesn't know anythign, technology is far greater and more powerful than the sun and mother nature.

    August 9, 2011 at 6:17 pm |
    • sam

      Gregarious?? Dude, that doesn't mean what you think it means. But it makes the post x 10 funnier.

      August 9, 2011 at 6:19 pm |
      • Batman

        It was sarcasm, buddy. I know what gregarious means.

        August 9, 2011 at 6:21 pm |
      • sam

        Then I love you, Batman.

        August 9, 2011 at 6:57 pm |
    • Louis

      WHAT NO P RN......

      August 9, 2011 at 6:29 pm |
      • Motley

        That could cause riots,.... I sure hope the adult video store has enough for the surge in sales,....

        August 10, 2011 at 12:27 am |
    • Wzrd1

      DO enlighten us all, HOW is the means of food distribution cut off? Did a massive power failure disable all diesel engines and generators? Nope.
      Electrical power would be offline for up to 7 years, as transformers to replace destroyed ones would have to be built, requiring emergency power to the plants to build them. Every wire and insulator would have to be visually inspected, but gasoline can still be pumped by generator power. Powering refineries isn't difficult by generator.
      No, it would be inconvenient in the extreme, but there are plans in place to handle a fair amount of the worst impacts on the nation.
      To include mobilizing the National Guard to assist the public. Or did you forget, the National Guard are the state militia, to be used for all manner of services in an emergency?

      August 9, 2011 at 6:38 pm |
      • sam

        It's doable if people keep their heads and follow the plans in place. Problem is...I just can't see that happening. The available resources will tank much faster than intended when the looting and rioting starts, and that's what'll collapse the infrastructure and the pipeline of goods and services. We're one messy species when we're scared.

        August 9, 2011 at 7:06 pm |
    • Cynical New Yorker

      @Batman: Uh..."KAOS"????? Did the shoe phone miss your head by "that much"...?

      August 9, 2011 at 8:21 pm |
    • me

      No more Internet Porn! Umm, I guess i'll have to find lady gaga!

      August 10, 2011 at 12:03 am |
    • micky blue

      For some reason i read that whole entire thing and my inner monologue was that of christian bale's batman, even more terrorfying, but if anybody can save us its you batman, youre the hero we deserve, but not the one we need right now..

      August 10, 2011 at 2:35 am |
  4. jon

    im enjoying all comments on here. some on here are really funny, some are a little mean. but tell me scholars (seriously) whey do scientist tell us these things now about solar flares that have been around since whatever . and the earth goes through all shifting ( dec 12 2012) that takes place every 28,000 years. at least maybe 40 or so years of fantastic noaa, they shouldve told us something??? my bad, the gov't probably told them not to tell us nothing. as usual
    .

    August 9, 2011 at 6:14 pm |
    • Batman

      The reason why solar flares are so dangerous right now (yes they've been around since the beginning of the sun) is because we are, more than ever, dependent on technology that can be wiped out in a matter of seconds should a CME hit Earth directly. Back in 1859, they didn't have satellites, atms, the internet, cellphones, etc. Say everythign gets whiped out in a second, how do you communicate with your loved ones across town? How does the government even communicate to the general public what is going on?

      August 9, 2011 at 6:20 pm |
      • Wzrd1

        Government communications are always performed in one manner, during an emergency. The Emergency Broadcast System, which is heavily EMP hardened and has their own emergency power supplies.
        That would still permit small battery and crank powered radios receive instructions.
        That said, the NOAA system for our area is offline, EBS is operating, but NOAA radio is offline in the Philadelphia area. If I didn't have the TV on today, I'd have missed the tornado warning.

        August 9, 2011 at 6:47 pm |
      • queenbee

        Uhmmmmm.... in many "small towns USA" the towns no longer have the capability to initiate sirens for storms let along an emergency like this. The EBS which was used for years is defunct in a lot of small towns due to cutting back and the wear and tear on infrastructure that has had to do without subsidies from the Federal government. IN the last series of tornados through my own little town, there were no warnings or tornado sirens and no Emergency broadcast system–instead the local police (all 3 of them) and the 3 ambulances drove through the town with their sirens on–when people asked what was the big deal they were told to get under cover because a tornado was headed our way and THIS WAS THE ALARM.

        Everyone takes for granted that systems put in place and exercised since the 1950s is still operational and kept in good repair–the fact is–there WILL BE MAYHEM in the event of an emergency because a lot of towns have gotten lax and reappropriated funds from "emergency theories to just running day to day stuff like getting the trash emptied.

        In my own little town, over 85% if the property taxes have gone unpaid since 2009–so no budget for sirens or for water utility employees for that matter–and the police force of 7 cars has to have "sharing duties with two other small towns (pop around 5K each) THIS is what is slowly going on across this country–the infrastructure is SHREDDED and not only cannot support an emergency in theory of the magnitude discussed here–they are woefully inadequate in case of ANY real emergency. New Orleans and Katrina only highlighted the quiet horror of many other places all over this nation

        August 9, 2011 at 7:32 pm |
      • sam

        queenbee's pretty much nailed the unfortunate truth.

        August 9, 2011 at 7:40 pm |
  5. swelljoe

    this is fascinating – and the image is gorgeous as well. thank you for this article.

    August 9, 2011 at 6:11 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      With little searching, you can find the movie of the full halo CME. Full halo means that it is headed right for us.
      Expect some REALLY cool aurora, predicted to be down to Pennsylvania, when the CME arrives.
      Hope the ISS crew remain safe!

      August 9, 2011 at 6:53 pm |
  6. Observer

    Sun can make earth it's b!tch without so much as a peep from us.

    August 9, 2011 at 6:02 pm |
  7. THE SUN

    BEND OVER, INSIGNIFICANT EARTHLINGS

    August 9, 2011 at 5:59 pm |
    • VENUS

      P*SSIES

      August 9, 2011 at 6:13 pm |
    • MARS

      BUNCH OF D!CKS, ANYWAY

      August 9, 2011 at 6:20 pm |
    • PLUTO

      Can't believe those b@stards voted me out

      August 9, 2011 at 7:38 pm |
  8. mike

    oh, oh, let's allocate several billion $$$$ for research so we know when our phones will go out. That's a priority right?

    August 9, 2011 at 5:55 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      Yes, Luddite. It's good to know when it's coming and how to protect against it.
      YOU may not need a telephone, but we working folks do.
      YOU may not need electricity, but hospitals and schools do.
      YOU may not need satellites, but we thinking and communicating people do.
      YOU may not need GPS, but people who travel and do business do.
      If you hate taxes and technology so much, move to an Amish farm.

      August 9, 2011 at 6:02 pm |
    • gummyballz

      It is when you need to call 911 because your house is on fire.

      August 9, 2011 at 6:16 pm |
  9. Ouch

    That looks like a picture of my a$$ after I have really spicy food.

    August 9, 2011 at 5:51 pm |
    • George

      You sure got an ugly a$$.

      August 9, 2011 at 5:59 pm |
  10. sanyaman

    The most powerful force in the universe who created all of the wonderfulness of all that we are, needs a HELPER?
    You either believe that GOD is what it is or you are calling GOD a incompetent who can't handle his own handy work.
    All of these false representatives are there for the sake of those who can't deal with their own problems and need
    a surrogate idol to worship. Believe in GOD and believe in yourself. Giving money to phoney mouthpieces is DUMB.

    August 9, 2011 at 5:46 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      Look, I know it's a bit advanced a concept for you, but I'll give it a whack.
      This is a story about a solar flare and massive Coronal Mass Ejection that is Earthbound. The story talked in detail about possible effects and past impacts of large Coronal Mass Ejections.
      It said nothing at all about a creator, God, Allah or Reverend Jim. It didn't talk about chimps or chumps.
      So, as much as I respect the first amendment, shove it up sideways.

      August 9, 2011 at 5:53 pm |
    • heynow

      Oh boy, here we go

      August 9, 2011 at 5:57 pm |
  11. Stevelb1

    Reminds me of Y2k.

    August 9, 2011 at 5:43 pm |
    • joejlm

      Talk about reading between the lines. Anybody can study the sun, only a twerp can confuse a scientific statement of fact with idol worship, or lack of worship of the invisible.

      August 9, 2011 at 6:26 pm |
    • joejlm

      Actually Y2k was a man made problem having to do with simple minded computer code, except for the problems related to the end of the world. (which never happened as far as we can tell) This is real problem which can be measured scientifically (as long as the instruments aren't burnt up in the process. You know, sorta like measuring a 480 v. circuit with a 6 v meter.

      August 9, 2011 at 6:30 pm |
  12. Ian85

    I read these comments and I see why half of our population needs to be wiped out...some of you guys are just plain dumb border-line retarded and will never take anything seriously. And for those who follow religion, your the weakest of the weak, your can be easily brain washed with a story that as been told ten times over before your Christ...Your dumb, gullible and easily manipulated!

    August 9, 2011 at 5:41 pm |
    • Ian85_isa_dickhole

      Yes, you sir are a dickhole.

      August 9, 2011 at 5:58 pm |
    • sam

      No matter what half we keep, though, it'll be a bad half, you know that, right?

      August 9, 2011 at 6:00 pm |
    • Joseph

      What will you say when you are witnessing Christs return ? Are you gonna be one that begs a mountain to fall on you OR will you be among us who will be overjoyed at the realization that we are about to go home ?

      August 9, 2011 at 6:02 pm |
      • Fred

        Waiting for Christ's return? I think you missed it. He went soaring by on the Hale Bop comet.

        August 9, 2011 at 6:14 pm |
      • heynow

        you go on home first, we'll catch up later

        August 9, 2011 at 6:17 pm |
    • Sookie

      Before referring to others as "borderline retarded", maybe you should learn the difference between *you're* and *your*.

      August 9, 2011 at 6:24 pm |
      • Bill

        OH SNAP

        August 9, 2011 at 7:00 pm |
    • JThomas2121

      Wow, Ian. I have a 156 IQ, believe in science AND in God. What cracks me up about you atheists who mock us believers is that science admittedly understands less than 1% of the 'known' universe (and we're not even talking about the 'unknown' universe). On top of that, the Big Bang is a theory with NO actual evidence supporting it (though I believe in its principles too).

      But, what gets me rolling on the floor laughing is that now all you hypocrites who turn to science as your 'truth' are chasing quantum energy, a substance that can't be detected, touched, or seen, but that makes up more than 73% of the universe, supposedly. How hilarious is that? Hmm ... let me get this straight ... something that can't be seen, touched, or detected makes up a majority of the universe and influences everything else. It just HAS to be there, right?

      Yeah, right. How about you trolls stick your head in the sand and think about that for a while. Science explains things, yes, but to profess that believers in God are delusional ... now THAT'S the pot calling the kettle black. Hmm .. what would you call something that HAS to be there but can't be seen, touched, or detected? I can't even imagine.

      Now, go back to your cave and think.

      August 9, 2011 at 6:49 pm |
      • heynow

        The minute a guy feels he needs to whip out his awesome IQ score...he loses The Game.

        August 9, 2011 at 7:09 pm |
      • queenbee

        ..then there is string theory and "alternate dimensions and universes–the temperature of the sun and the size, black holes, worm holes, etc–NONE of which have been physically seen or measured–just man made calculations to underline man made positions about the unknowable–in other words, for those who choose to (I am a microbiologist) the "religion of a Supreme Being" is replaced by the religion of man–BOTH of which require steadfast belief, conjecture and an amazing leap of faith and unwavering trust in that that version of reality is the "truth". The sun is how hot? No instruments measured it–so how do we know again?

        August 9, 2011 at 7:40 pm |
      • Seraphim0

        I guess that high IQ just makes it easier to believe in the bearded man in the sky. This whole discussion is rather humorous, really. If your god was creator of all, blah blah blah, then why did his followers have to appropriate pagan holidays and celebrations to gain followers and assist in conversions?

        Believe what you want to believe, let others believe in what they want to believe in- your IQ means next to nothing if you waste it by trying to insult others like a run-of-the-mill 'you don't believe what I do, so you're stupid' bigot. Both sides on the religious debate have them... both sides should shut up.

        Yes, that means you, too.

        August 10, 2011 at 1:46 am |
    • Cynical New Yorker

      @Ian85: And that's why we have...politicians! :-D

      August 9, 2011 at 8:16 pm |
  13. pulsars

    You people with tin foil hats had better line it with insulating material – another layer of heavy duty foil wouldn't hurt either.

    August 9, 2011 at 5:30 pm |
    • swelljoe

      this is fascinating – and the image is gorgeous as well. thank you for this article.

      August 9, 2011 at 5:51 pm |
  14. Meki60

    Better arm yourselves, Gore will be playing his usual PT Barnum role for this one. Carbon credits anyone!

    August 9, 2011 at 5:16 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      Your idiocy knows no bounds. Pollution is good, in your book, it's better to have air that is lethal to 10% of the population. It's better to have birth defects, due to pollutants in the air. It's better to have the Earth a giant desert.
      You are so stupid, that you think a story about the SUN and a flare and a coronal mass ejection is about global warming.
      Do you know that there are TWO nations that share a singular honor of not ratifying the Kyoto Accord? Afghanistan and the US. Why? Because, ONLY in the US is global climate change argued about. Every OTHER planet in the inner solar system has warmed, but not the Earth, because the GOP says so. The GOP, who was against every environmental protection, food and drug protection, pure water and air.
      Now, go take a remedial reading class. You REALLY need it. You're putting the US in the same class as Afghanistan.

      August 9, 2011 at 5:59 pm |
      • Amused

        So, If ALL of the other planets are warming (which has NOT actually been determined, by the way!), then this climate change cannot possibly be caused by Human industrialization, can it? Maybe THAT is the REAL reason the US govt. did not sign the Kyoto agreement, hmm ?! Who is the idiot here?

        August 9, 2011 at 6:23 pm |
    • joejlm

      Strange comparison. PT never used scientifically verifiable facts, nor did he ever try intend to try and educate.

      August 9, 2011 at 6:34 pm |
  15. That's What's Up

    So really? A Sun Fart is going to cost $1-2Trillion? smh

    August 9, 2011 at 5:15 pm |
    • Rick Dangerous

      Yes; the scientific name for this type of event is called an "Obama".

      August 9, 2011 at 5:27 pm |
      • musician

        Ah, the `always looking for an opportunity to bash our President` crowd. This one truly deserves `more ridiculous than most` status. Solar flares? Really?

        August 9, 2011 at 5:42 pm |
      • VC

        LOL Now that is funny!

        August 9, 2011 at 5:45 pm |
      • Rottindam

        Sheesh we are talking science here and another right wing nut with nothing better to do than change the subject. Stop wastling our time Rick.

        August 9, 2011 at 5:54 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      Let's see, blown out power distribution systems, satellites blown out, telephone exchanges blown out...
      Yep, 1-2 trillion dollars sounds a bit cheap.

      August 9, 2011 at 5:50 pm |
  16. nasty 704

    Ok, GOD was an Alien. There, I said it ! GET OVER YOURSELVES !

    August 9, 2011 at 5:13 pm |
    • HELL YEAH!

      Yeah! Also God I mean the aliens slept with the woman. We know thier is a lot of b!τchεs nowadays. About solar flares let it happen we need it.

      August 10, 2011 at 12:08 pm |
  17. Deep North

    What's he talking about 2013.... 4 day before next Xmas.....It's all over! 12/21/12

    August 9, 2011 at 4:58 pm |
    • steve

      We can only hope that it's right this time, lol

      August 9, 2011 at 5:38 pm |
  18. trex

    OK Teabaggers, all at once now. One...Two...Three... OBAMA'S FAULT

    August 9, 2011 at 4:57 pm |
    • Meki60

      Looks like I dont have to say it, but its communist BO's fault.

      August 9, 2011 at 5:13 pm |
    • M. Nelson

      As opposed to say Bush's fault?

      August 9, 2011 at 5:33 pm |
    • VC

      Na its the Republicans fault, Democrats fault, Tea Partys fault, Obamas fault.... SOoo many people to blame and not enough time! LOL

      August 9, 2011 at 5:48 pm |
    • Megafairandsquare

      Deja vu...lol

      August 9, 2011 at 5:49 pm |
    • Bill

      Boring, trex.

      August 9, 2011 at 6:05 pm |
  19. f

    It's all Obama's fault................

    August 9, 2011 at 4:56 pm |
    • CH

      Not his fault but maybe he can go measure the temp. of the flare

      August 9, 2011 at 5:29 pm |
  20. norm

    hugh hefner is older than the sun, he never uses suncreen in the grotto I hear.

    August 9, 2011 at 4:23 pm |
  21. taszka

    My head hurts from reading all these comments.

    I really hope I don't die from any kind of solar flares/space something or other/global warming/ whatever else... in the next few years... I'd like my 5 year old son to live a long happy life here on planet earth.

    I also don't want to die soon because I have plans to move to Key West when I retire. :)

    Seriously though, I love reading about space. Just thinking about other galaxies and the entire universe itself blow my mind.

    August 9, 2011 at 4:22 pm |
    • taszka

      *blows* not blow.

      August 9, 2011 at 4:23 pm |
      • Levi

        shut the hell up grammar king. no one cares for your petty corrections.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:30 pm |
      • Chaddi

        To 'Levi', that person actually corrected their own spelling error. :)

        August 9, 2011 at 4:45 pm |
      • Micheal

        Levi... HAHAHAHAHA fail...

        August 9, 2011 at 5:41 pm |
      • Decimal

        *facepalm*

        August 9, 2011 at 5:52 pm |
  22. Solar Demon

    I have a feeling the sun might be a terrorist tryin 2 steal our freedom. Is that better?

    August 9, 2011 at 4:16 pm |
    • 13F4V

      Much!

      August 9, 2011 at 5:16 pm |
  23. bezerkur

    A C.M.E ( corona mass ejection) could be what this planet needs. A mega c.m.e which is possible in the near future could very well end the electro-digital era . Imagine a world with no working satelites and a power grid damaged beyond repair. We're a insignificant gnat compared to the forces that the cosmos can throw at us. If there is doomsday scenerio i believe a c.m.e event is the most plausible. And with the way things are going in this world it might be the only thing to save it.

    August 9, 2011 at 4:14 pm |
    • sam

      We could finally get all these idjits off the internet.

      August 9, 2011 at 4:21 pm |
      • Larry Brody

        I am in complete agreement with you on this. We had less problems when Bush was in office. Obama is responsible for our recession, jobs, and housing bust. Hopefully we can move forward with a good christian candidate who will stop unions and bring prayer back into our schools.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:45 pm |
      • sam

        @Larry: ROFL

        August 9, 2011 at 4:57 pm |
      • Amused

        Larry, you are a moron of epic proportion!

        August 9, 2011 at 6:30 pm |
    • Could it be?

      Our final countdown?

      [youtube=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ntHmIqKetg&w=640&h=390]

      August 9, 2011 at 4:23 pm |
      • Tim

        Ugh. Find a new thing to bring up all of the time.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:56 pm |
    • Deep North

      AAHHH! The art of writing could actually return!

      August 9, 2011 at 5:00 pm |
    • trex

      We NEED to fire off all the rockets in the world into the sun. But the mass needs more, so we should put all the teabaggers into them and tell them that Palin is headed for the sun. They will fight to get aboard.

      August 9, 2011 at 5:01 pm |
  24. jhfagan

    Hopefully the HAARP project will be able to stave off some of those errant solar waves!.

    August 9, 2011 at 4:13 pm |
  25. unafy

    If our SUN is keep releasing flares like this, it gonna die soon in front of our eyes!!

    August 9, 2011 at 4:11 pm |
    • shakinghead

      This is NORMAL. This has been a cycle that has been happening ever since the sun was born. It is right in the middle of the Main Sequence which means that it still has several million years of life left. Every 11-12 years the sun goes through cycles of high and low activity. Think of it like a hormone cycle but for the sun. The sun is not about to die before our eyes because of a flare.

      August 9, 2011 at 4:25 pm |
    • Camilla SDO

      No worries. The Sun is not going to die in front of your eyes. Unless, of course, you are going to stay alive for approx. another 4 billion years. Then yea!

      August 9, 2011 at 4:44 pm |
  26. Greenspam

    Today, Sarah Palin blames Obama for the HUGE solar flare and says that how come Obama didn't see it coming?

    August 9, 2011 at 4:04 pm |
  27. Ceres

    The sun is also complaining about the sky high national debt. Maybe now Obama will listen.

    August 9, 2011 at 3:57 pm |
    • Seraphim0

      Yeah... and maybe he can teach republicans what 'compromising for the good of the people' means.

      August 10, 2011 at 1:49 am |
  28. elvis

    they run this story every few years. it's actually caused by the earth's high CO2 emmissions and global warming.

    August 9, 2011 at 3:56 pm |
    • sam

      Earth wouldn't have such high emissions if you would stop eating those fried bologna sandwiches

      August 9, 2011 at 4:08 pm |
      • bugmenot

        And cork yer pie-hole while yer at it.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:35 pm |
  29. jimmy

    I hope the solar flare just kills all the religous people in the world. Those people are starting to bug me. Like the crabs in my p hair.

    August 9, 2011 at 3:52 pm |
    • queenbee

      Jimmy_ wash it.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:58 pm |
  30. Dave

    No wonder it's so dam hot in Texas!

    August 9, 2011 at 3:52 pm |
  31. Solar Demon

    Solar flares are caused by sunspots. They are giant holes in the surface of the sun. They "repair" themselves by a huge electromagnetic shockwave the explodes across the surface of the sun like a "rubberband" effect. When the field snaps back into place it creates a "Coronal Mass Ejection". This is basic scientific knowledge. However, every 11 yrs the solar cycle peaks creating more sun spots thus creating more flares. The scary part of this cycle is that there barely any spots this time and when this occurs it means that the sun has expanded in diameter. It also means that when there is an actual spot, it is thousands of times larger than normal, thus creating CME's of apocolyptic proportions. If the earth just happens 2 be in the path of one of these it will penetrate our atmosphere and incinerate everything in its path just like in that movie everyone is talking about. The sad part is, the u.s. Government knows this and they are scrambling 2 save themselves and make sure you are contained. Look at those FEMA camps poppin up all over, space station construction, and it just so happens that NASA will not be dabbling in missions anymore- at least not in the public eye. If u knew the truth, u prolly wouldnt care anymore and their tax base would collapse and they could not finance their escape. And btw- I can build a machine that can lift that much weight into the upper atmosphere. Lets see if I live 2 watch armageddon- quincy7613@ y a hoo.com

    August 9, 2011 at 3:41 pm |
    • 13F4V

      I'll makeit. I have tin hat and fire suit!
      Ah off the meds today?

      August 9, 2011 at 3:48 pm |
    • Dave

      Whooooooooooo, Dooms day!

      August 9, 2011 at 3:49 pm |
    • sam

      The best part about this post is how it starts out sounding so reasonable, and then suddenly spirals out of control once you're too far in to stop reading. It's as if two different people wrote it.

      August 9, 2011 at 4:11 pm |
      • Joy

        several people living inside that one body... split personality, they take turns at the computer keyboard.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:22 pm |
    • jack

      Dude your scientific knowledge is significantly flawed.

      August 9, 2011 at 5:11 pm |
      • dude

        WOW good comeback to the post. You might want to expand on that.

        August 9, 2011 at 5:55 pm |
  32. Joel3

    For the umpteenth time we are not going to die from solar flares in 2012. Please stop with the subliminal LIES. If anyone dies from anything it will be the coming war and lack of faith in Christ Jesus. That's right, now go ahead and mock Him so I can prove my point...

    August 9, 2011 at 3:41 pm |
    • Auntie Warhol

      Why mock "Him" when we can mock you?

      August 9, 2011 at 3:48 pm |
    • Rob M

      Lol @ People who still believe the stories in the bible. Lemme ask you this, and be honest. If you where given a clean slate on your perception on the creation of the universe and faith. And two people came up to you, one explaining how the universe and the earth was created from a scientific point of few, and another told you that a man in the clouds created it in seven day's with magical power's. Which are you going to believe?

      August 9, 2011 at 3:48 pm |
      • Rob M

        scientific point of view* Sorry, perhaps im dyslexic.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:49 pm |
      • Joel3

        Huh? If you knew anything about scripture you would know it's not about some "man in the clouds"?? maybe you've read to many childrens stories. Or maybe you have a very very BASIC idea of what scripture is and where they came from? Sorry, but man is mere dust compared to the complexity and vastness of GOD's Universe. Now go find a Bible and actually READ it.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:52 pm |
      • JIm

        No thanks Joel3 – waiting on the movie. The book sucks.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:56 pm |
      • Eddie

        So what is the scientific point of view these days? How was the universe created? When did it start?

        August 9, 2011 at 4:04 pm |
      • queenbee

        FYI–people who believe in God do not base their belief merely on the bible or on a "shurch" they base it on a belief and faith that aligns with the configuration of their souls. This means those who choose not to believe do so due to the configuration of their souls and their perception, those who DO believe base it on the configuration of their souls and their perception. In a nutshell–it is something people intuit–some intuit there the earth and we and everything else is too large to be explained or rationalized by the latest/greatest take on things by men–they choose this path because the alternate path (man's religion) is that everything is random, the earth is random, everything holds together and works based on randomness and it call came from this randomness and continues because of this randomness and all mathematics, physics, chemistry etc extrapolates from this random act, and "rules" or laws for the random origin which–by virtue of their existence (the rules and laws) render the random act not so random at all–and still leaves the question of origin unanswered.

        To many, God is the answer, to others randomness and the unknown based on the latest theory is their answer

        August 9, 2011 at 4:08 pm |
      • Ganan

        I would go with the man the clouds every time.........

        August 9, 2011 at 4:08 pm |
      • Guy_reading_Solar_Flare_Article

        Neither, I'd read it straight out of a King James 1611 and believe what the book says. Didn't you know that the Bible is at least 500 years ahead of any leading scientist who ever lived? I guess you never read Job Chapter 38. Or can you even read? Ignorance is bliss, man, ignorance is bliss.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:30 pm |
      • Mishell

        Yeah I'm gona have to go with "Man in the Clouds" theory. God exists in everything around us. The Earth began from a big bang? That's like saying 2 tractor trailers crashed into each other and came out of the wreckage as a 747. God is in your heart if you close your mouth long enough to hear your heart you will find all the answers you personally need. God wont yell at you, demand you to hear him.. He will whisper and hope that you want to find Him. In the end though, the choice is yours.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:57 pm |
      • Jonathan

        Let's see. Would I believe that something just kind of showed up from somewhere, then blew up, then a bunch of chemicals just happened to come together in the right way to form life, on a planet that just happened to have all the right items to support that life, and that somehow that life managed to work its way up from nothing to eventually become sentient? Or, that there is some guiding force behind all of this that we don't really understand? Yeah, tough call there. It makes perfect sense that an improbable, nearly impossible series of coincidences occurred in just the right way to bring us here.

        August 9, 2011 at 5:11 pm |
      • jack

        both are impossible... both were created from something, in a space where there was nothing. Either is believable yet unbelievable... But think of all the bible states that science did not know. Like saying there was nothing before... and then he created the oceans, then the lands then the animals... the bible states it pretty much in order. So either ancient people knew about how it started (the guys that came thousands of years before Jesus).or were told about it...

        Also assuming Science is right... well luck is scientifically unproven. As in there is no way to explain luck, it should not exists...yet luck is the very reason we are here

        August 9, 2011 at 5:18 pm |
      • seeing things wrong

        depends on how much LSD I'd consumed in the prior 24 hrs... I've definitely seen the man in the clouds before... but it turned out on closer examination it was actually a committee of different alien consciousness's whose sole purpose was to deliver short bursts of mental self satisfaction either through self induced hypnosis (see prayer), self induced medication (see drugs) or through simple direct communication (see your local mental institution, I'll be their to say hi!)

        August 9, 2011 at 5:18 pm |
    • Rob M

      Hear's an expert from the bible "And man was created in god's perfect image." But oh.... whats this over here in the ground. Its the skeleton of a Neanderthal, not a homosapien? Either your all powerful god was half monkey or the bible is wrong. Anyone who believes the stories of faith are anything other then tools to control uneducated masses is well... a part of the uneducated masses. And face it, you truly dont want to be a good person, you are only afraid of burning in hell for the rest of eternity cuz that's what the preacher said as he wagged his finger at you accusingly.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:58 pm |
      • Another Expert

        The Wisdom of Solomon in the Book of Apocrypha states that the sun has a differential rotation. This was written thousands of years ago. Science has to consistently play "catch up" to the facts in the Bible.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:11 pm |
      • SDCyclist

        There's no point in arguing with religious people. They have a silly, irrational argument/response for everything. It's part of their brainwashing process. They're all given the same, unoriginal, and completely fantastical responses for every argument. They're just repeating what they heard somewhere else, or, quoting words from the so-called "bible" like that's even relevant. I feel pity for them. What a horrible life it must be feeling so controlled and constrained! Having to conform to some set of archaic rules simply out of fear of retribution! Of course, they'd argue the opposite but that's because they have to. If they didn't their "faith would be tested" and they'd fail as Chistians/Muslims/Whatever. Silly, small-minded people aren't worth the time. Live and let live. I wish they'd do the same...

        August 9, 2011 at 4:15 pm |
      • Bullfeathers

        Let me ask you a question, suppose the Biblical version of creation is true for a second. Were people created as infants, were animals new borns, were plants mere sprouts? The Bible implies they were full grown. The heavens were created with stars already in them, i.e., full grown. Why would the Earth be an infant? Try learning some basic logic before you ridicule the belief system of others.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:26 pm |
      • Amused

        Another Expert (in what? – stupidity?) There are NO FACTS contained in the Bible. There is not a single first hand, eyewitness account of anything anywhere in the Bible. Those are simply ancient legends that were passed down generation to generation and embellished as they were re-told until they were finally written down. Then they were mis-translated and further embellished for political reasons. If there is a single word of truth left, it is by complete coincidence!

        August 9, 2011 at 6:49 pm |
    • Could it be?

      Someone who honestly thinks the other ninety five percent of us suffer from some form of mass delusion?

      [youtube=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDR4oHj6n6A&w=640&h=390]

      August 9, 2011 at 4:01 pm |
    • shoop

      I just want to back slap some of the posters here. One poster claims that these solar flares will decimate the earth in 2012. The read was interesting, but it was non-sensical. then, below that a person stated that the movie 2012 is fiction; which is true but then the only way we will destroy ourselves is from war (batting 1000) and "lack of faith in jesus christ" and now the bottom fell out.

      *facepalm* *facepalm* *facepalm* *facepalm* *facepalm* *facepalm*

      I could, but I do not want to waste the energy. Are people really this....stupid? Really?

      I would continue, but my face hurts from hitting it with frusteration.
      Reply if you understand.

      August 9, 2011 at 4:01 pm |
      • dude

        I agree shoop, and yes most are really that stupid.

        August 9, 2011 at 6:01 pm |
      • Facepalm

        So sorry you are "frusterated," shoop.

        August 9, 2011 at 6:22 pm |
    • cientifico1010

      let's keep the conversation within science, not religion. thank you.

      August 9, 2011 at 4:11 pm |
    • cliff_McCliffington

      i always thought his name was Jesus Christ? i don't know much, but i do know peace is much more obtainable without him. you can never convert the whole world.

      August 9, 2011 at 4:11 pm |
  33. Rob M

    Am I the only one who fail's to see the connection between solar flares and political agendas?

    August 9, 2011 at 3:38 pm |
    • TheLastOne

      It seems you are the only one, Rob. The nutters are everywhere on internet boards. Look at an article on Baseball, or Basket Weaving, and there they are, blaming Bush, or Obama, or quoting nonsense from talk radio. No need to wonder why this country is circling the bowl...

      August 9, 2011 at 3:54 pm |
      • dude

        and don't forget to throw religion into it.

        August 9, 2011 at 6:04 pm |
    • Gobsmacked

      Nope. Looks like Solar Demon shares your perspective. Myself, I think it's hogwash.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:56 pm |
    • Gobsmacked

      Oh, never mind – misread your post. I'm on your side!! :)

      August 9, 2011 at 3:57 pm |
    • Eddie

      Good point Rob M.

      Look! Up in the sky! (Pay no attention to the dysfunction in DC)

      August 9, 2011 at 4:05 pm |
  34. Tn Ken

    I got me a bunch of Walmart bags ready to run out and snatch up some of that energy. That will save on the ole electric bill.

    August 9, 2011 at 3:37 pm |
    • davetharave

      While you're there, don't forget the Pringles.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:42 pm |
  35. Could it be?

    Magnetic Energy Apocalypse – Solar Flares – NASA

    [youtube=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Br7w-4OgGU&w=640&h=390]

    August 9, 2011 at 3:35 pm |
  36. Dave

    According to Obama it's Bush's fault. According to Bush, well he just laughs and has a rigth to when looking at the mess Obama has created.

    August 9, 2011 at 3:31 pm |
    • Joel3

      Nope. It's just the republicans....ALL of them.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:36 pm |
      • Dave

        Ya, I'm one of those crazy Republicans that knows that you cannot spend more than you make. The bank tells me that and fines me a service fee if I do it so I don't. This is very simple economic good since that if you don't spend more than you make you can pay off the deft. I also remember that Liers Figure and Figures Lie. With a national debt that keeps rising and our congress does nothing about it, when will the debt be paid? That's easy, it never will be and if you think that S&P down grade was bad wait until the USA defaults on it's obligations. Somehow there is a very large group of people that think money grows on trees and is free from the printing presses. Money is worth less today becasue we devalue it by printing more and more basically toilet paper and no one wants it around the world, but we keep on printing anyway.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:46 pm |
      • Joel3

        Oh really, so cut programs for the poor but don't touch those BIG Corp profits huh? Cut spending but decrease revenue huh genius? You people are a disgrace and your priorities are out of wack. You are protecting the WRONG people and that's why America will burn for it. The lobbyists have their hands up your behind and in your pockets. Get a clue. Your "ideologue" is a complete mess.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:57 pm |
      • Adam

        Hi Dave- If that is the kind of Republican that you are then I think you need to have a talk with your whole party about do-nothing tax cuts and unecessary wars. Thanks.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:46 pm |
      • queenbee

        America was already spending more than she made–the minute we started paying upwards of 300 million dollars a DAY in Iraq–on a war based on lies. Where were the Republicans calling a halt to such lunacy before hundreds of thousands of Iraqis were displaced, maimed and/or destroyed?

        August 9, 2011 at 7:51 pm |
      • sonic10158

        @Queenbee what about the majority of democrats who approved of it?

        August 10, 2011 at 12:28 am |
    • Dan

      Apparently, solar flares can cause delusional thinking as well, it seems.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:42 pm |
      • dude

        LOL!!!!!!!!!

        August 9, 2011 at 6:06 pm |
    • notasterisk

      ignorant republicans...

      August 9, 2011 at 3:53 pm |
    • cindy

      You don't know much about how the political process was designed by the forefathers and continues to work today.

      Congress holds the "power of the purse". To blame Obama alone just shows ignorance.

      Further, not only were the two wars started by Bush devastating to our debt, so was the increase of troops. Our medical costs for the warriors have drastically skyrocketed, due to IED injuries that will cost us the rest of their lives, mental health care that will cost us the rest of their lives and death benefits which will cost us the rest of their survivors' lives. We aren't talking about old people, either.

      The initial Wall Street bailout was a Bush product. I don't like our bailouts, but I have been told that retirement savings and investments would have been wiped out if the banks had been allowed to fail.

      Our economy can't continue to take on more debt like it is in rising health costs for the military. But we owe our military and their entitlements will not be denied. The other agencies budgets are peanuts compared to DoD and VA and those who believe we can get the necessary funds to pay down debt drastically by squeezing other agencies are misinformed. We have to revise the tax code and in the interim, let the Bush tax cuts for the wealthy (at least) expire.

      In the long run, once the wealthy pay a similar percentage of their income in taxes as the middle class and the wealthy is cut off from benefits they don't even need, we will start to real in the debt. Closing the federal government will hurt more than it helps.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:53 pm |
      • Rob M

        And this has.... what to do with solar flares again?

        August 9, 2011 at 3:54 pm |
    • heynow

      Sounds like the rationale of a short sighted, kneejerk tool.

      August 9, 2011 at 7:36 pm |
  37. Machismo

    Ha Ha HA Liberalism is a Mental Disorder. Savage was right this time!

    August 9, 2011 at 3:28 pm |
    • driranek

      I'm not a republican since I'm an actual conservative. I find it offensive that moronic republitard comments like this give conservatism a bad name.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:55 pm |
      • Gobsmacked

        This liberal thanks you for that comment!

        August 9, 2011 at 3:59 pm |
    • Adam

      Please do not feed the trolls.

      August 9, 2011 at 4:49 pm |
  38. Dave

    Kind of puts all the puney BS here on earth in perspective in that we are about as important as a fea fart here on earth in the grand scheme of things at the cosmos level

    August 9, 2011 at 3:27 pm |
    • Joel3

      I believe the debt ceiling just hit the sun...awesome

      August 9, 2011 at 3:35 pm |
  39. Truth Detector

    Liberalism is a Mental Disorder.

    [youtube=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEwVcsHnf3o&w=640&h=390]

    August 9, 2011 at 3:25 pm |
    • Paul

      sounds like a confession of being an abused child and abuser of children. Put this guy in jail and make sure you try to screen children he got in contact with so to make sure if they need help. It's most important to avoid them becoming child abusers as well.
      Himself, it's probably too late to help him, ... castration would probably his urges, but of course this country knows better, so he will be locked up for life, for sake of protecting children.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:34 pm |
  40. Andrew

    I'm gonna buy me some sun screen!

    August 9, 2011 at 3:20 pm |
    • driranek

      Ya gotta consider that actual tinfoil hats might not be such a silly idea after all.

      August 9, 2011 at 4:03 pm |
  41. BajaInsider

    As a scientist, writer and someone who has studied the climate in depth all I can say is most of these comments are a darn good reason to abortion safe legal and possibly retro-active. If you want to see the affects of Global Climate change take a look at the SST's for the central Pacific and wonder why the only NON-beleivers in the world are the ones that listen to too much AM talk radio. Solar flares have very very little to do with the climate change, just radiation levels will be naturally higher for brief periods. More 'dangerous' (roflol) than the incident in Japan to North Americans.

    August 9, 2011 at 3:10 pm |
    • livingston1

      I love it!
      The voice of reason lights a candle in a dark, dark room.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:17 pm |
    • cosmiccat64

      Who still listens to AM Radio???? lmaooooooo

      August 9, 2011 at 3:32 pm |
    • phatboi

      Actually there's a theory recently proven that increased sun activity contributes to increased cloud formation. When the sun activity slows down, it results in reduced cloud formation. The current increased activity in the solar cycle may actually bring about cooling. How much long term effect it has no one is sure of but it certainly influences the climate. To say the sun doesn't influence the climate? Best of luck to you.

      For more information google Ulrik Ingerslev Uggerhøj

      August 9, 2011 at 3:49 pm |
  42. bobcat2u

    It's just ol sols reaction to the S&P downgrade. After all he knows the teapublcants caused it all.

    August 9, 2011 at 2:59 pm |
    • Larry Brody

      Now everyone is going to realize Bush did a great job of slashing the deficitto fund the the effective trickle down 2.0 program. Would still be in good shape if Obama did not tank the economy by removing entitlements.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:08 pm |
      • driranek

        You got an urgent need to get a freshman economics text.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:52 pm |
      • Gobsmacked

        What?

        August 9, 2011 at 4:00 pm |
      • sam

        Bwuh?

        August 9, 2011 at 5:14 pm |
  43. j0eschm0e

    I can hear al gore now, omg that cant be a solar flare responsable for the southern heat, its gotta be global warming!!! if people believe its the suns cycle, I al gore wont be able to fleece america any more with my global warming trumpet!!!

    August 9, 2011 at 2:59 pm |
    • gorn

      Is it possible to be so stupid as to believe a solar flare is responsible for the current heat wave?

      August 9, 2011 at 3:33 pm |
      • ick

        probably equally as possible to believe global warming is the cause of the heat wave.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:56 pm |
  44. mfb

    CME – coronal mass ejection: a burst of solar winds, plasma and magnetic fields released into space. Not the same as a solar flare. In other words, solar ejaculation.

    August 9, 2011 at 2:57 pm |
  45. Cyrus

    It's Obama's fault.

    August 9, 2011 at 2:48 pm |
    • Michael

      Lol and my toilet wasnt working for a couple days. Might as well blame Obama, everyone is blaming him for eveything else.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:06 pm |
      • zhawk88

        I just s- myself. Thanks Obama.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:12 pm |
  46. mfb

    I hear Ol' Mr. Sol was heavy on Bank of America stock. Now we've done it....

    August 9, 2011 at 2:47 pm |
  47. erich2112x

    As we put on the Ray bans and clutch our balls in defiance like we did with the Russians.

    August 9, 2011 at 2:41 pm |
    • cj

      Huh!?

      August 9, 2011 at 2:48 pm |
  48. i cant believe is not butter

    The only thing alive will be mexicans and roaches after this solar radiation gets done with us!!

    August 9, 2011 at 2:37 pm |
    • Bob in Pa

      No, Al Gore will emerge from his Climate Controled Global Warming Bunker to declare he was right all along.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:42 pm |
    • chimichuri

      The only thing left will be your toasted butt face and the roaches that you will have to eat to survive! You wacked out ass

      August 9, 2011 at 3:39 pm |
  49. Jeff

    I dunno, I think they are just trying to scare us, i went outside and looked at the sun and I didn't see any big flares.

    August 9, 2011 at 2:33 pm |
    • Shawn

      That was hilarious. I laughed my butt off at that one.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:59 pm |
    • zhawk88

      damn liberals are always lying... If i can't see it, it must not be true! *sarcasm* :-)

      August 9, 2011 at 3:13 pm |
  50. DD

    Big enough CME and PFFFFFFFTTTT!!!! We'll see it coming for about 14 hours!

    August 9, 2011 at 2:30 pm |
  51. i cant believe is not butter

    this frickn heat is going to destroy us all if we don't get some rain soon!! Fuge the cellphones and gps systems fuge the police!! We need rain biatttchhhhhhhessss

    August 9, 2011 at 2:30 pm |
  52. smartGuy

    are you kidding me, it takes 5.7 minutes for light from the sun to reach our earths atmosphere.

    August 9, 2011 at 2:29 pm |
    • Stephen

      Light particles from the sun take eight minutes. There are other types of particles that travel slower then light that will have effect.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:40 pm |
  53. John Ottem

    NO! NO! You've all got it wrong! This is **clearly** (as in – no argument to the contrary will be permitted – you know, like the great Lowball Warming summits?) caused by humans burning fossil fuels. No reasonable person could possibly think differently!!

    August 9, 2011 at 2:26 pm |
    • Busted

      This has nothing to do w/carbon dioxide in our atmosphere from fossil fuel or burning coal you dumb tea bagger, now open up and say awe... I have some nutz for you

      August 9, 2011 at 2:34 pm |
      • Bob in Pa

        Busted you are an ignorant #%@^#%^

        August 9, 2011 at 2:44 pm |
      • j0eschm0e

        he was being sarcastic, and so was you, and youre both funny lol.I can hear al gore now, omg that cant be a solar flare responsable for the southern heat, its gotta be global warming!!! if people believe its the suns cycle, I al gore wont be able to fleece america any more with my global warming trumpet!!!

        August 9, 2011 at 2:58 pm |
      • TeaforTheBaggers

        Busted~! Your comments are right on and very funny.
        BTW ~ When I have a flare-up, I reach for the Tucks.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:14 pm |
      • TheLastOne

        Bob in PA calling someone ignorant...high comedy indeed.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:43 pm |
    • MikeB

      Obviously you know more about it than the overwhelming majority of climatologists who say that climate change is influenced by human activity, as well as other factors.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:06 pm |
    • Troy Franklin

      NO NO you all all got it wrong....The amount of time changes given the change of distance from earth to the sun... The longest amount of time is 8 sec. During the winter solstice of course; when the earth is furthest from the sun. Good try though.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:07 pm |
      • Whynot

        You need an Astronomy book. Badly.

        August 9, 2011 at 4:08 pm |
  54. Tanks all

    Truly – this has to be the best series of comments ever on CNN! EVER!!!

    August 9, 2011 at 2:11 pm |
    • CL78

      You're not kidding. I've been laughing for a half hour now.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:25 pm |
    • Jeff

      Yep, the perfect mix of smart arse comments and know-it-alls to flip out over them.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:36 pm |
  55. Wzrd1

    It MUST be a slow news day. TWO science stories on CNN's site in one day, right on the main page!
    UNHEARD OF!

    August 9, 2011 at 2:08 pm |
    • RabiaDiluvio

      Give it 5 minutes, the Kardashians will bump it off the main page.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:23 pm |
  56. madbomber

    I love how everyone tries to make all of these discussions political.

    August 9, 2011 at 2:07 pm |
  57. Howie

    This is a load of fear-mongering crap. Minor electrical disturbances and pretty northern lights are about all that could possibly happen from these CMEs. Tell me about something that could actually harm us – like an asteroid or something.

    August 9, 2011 at 2:06 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      So, power grids down for potentially months at a time are of no import? Satellites blown out are unimportant?
      IQ tests should be required before permitting a person to vote!

      August 9, 2011 at 2:09 pm |
      • me

        Howie's right. CMEs do cause minor disruptions to ordinary citizens, at most, although for the few people who might be affected, they are good to know about.

        August 9, 2011 at 2:20 pm |
      • Pritika

        What exactly could happen to humans on the ISS?

        August 9, 2011 at 2:38 pm |
      • Howie

        Power grids will not go down for five minutes, let alone months. there simply is not the right kind or amount of energy in a CME to do that.

        August 10, 2011 at 3:12 pm |
    • Tony

      Thanks arm chair Heliologist. I feel much better now that you've added your expert advice.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:26 pm |
    • dannie

      Fear mongering???? I guess so if you're afraid of information.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:01 pm |
  58. Burn out

    It's Obama's fault, I'm sure of it. What else could have triggered this? It's the Sun's response to the global financial crisis. "FRY 'em all!" lol

    August 9, 2011 at 2:04 pm |
    • Ca Ed

      You sure he didn't inherit this from GW?

      The tea baggers probably caused the big uproar on the sun, spawning the CME's.

      Can Sarah see the Sun from her home in Alaska?

      August 9, 2011 at 3:19 pm |
      • sam

        No, Sarah keeps her head where the sun don't shine.

        August 9, 2011 at 3:52 pm |
  59. Tom

    Obama Hip Hop Party fails to pacify angry Sun God.

    August 9, 2011 at 2:02 pm |
    • teichbauer

      You sound like a racist......

      August 9, 2011 at 2:32 pm |
      • Anonymous

        You sound like a p00n

        August 9, 2011 at 2:41 pm |
    • Busted

      Tom isn't a racist, just a fox news employee

      August 9, 2011 at 2:37 pm |
  60. man4earth

    The 2013 solar maximum could knock-out the grid for a long period of time resulting in nuclear power plants to keep spent fuel pools cool by back-up diesel generators, failure of any of these at 104 locations around the U.S. would result in massive amounts of radiation released into the surrounding environment. All spent fuel needs to be in dry cask storage ASAP!

    August 9, 2011 at 1:57 pm |
    • big John

      2013 Huh????? If you will all remember, we will be already deceased on Dec. 21 2012, so we won't have to worry about 2013.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:14 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      Dry storage casks have ZERO cooling, so you'd make the problem 10000 times worse!
      Leave nuclear energy safety to EXPERTS, as you amateurs would cause disasters far worse than Chernobyl.
      I've spent YEARS deployed on installations powered VERY reliably by diesel generators. If it works for the DoD, it'll work for the plants.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:15 pm |
      • man4earth

        Once properly cooled spent fuel is stored in dry cask. This however is not always done as soon as is can be because of the high cost. Note I did say ASAP.

        August 9, 2011 at 2:25 pm |
  61. Yakobi.

    Sounds like the sun needs a giant carton of Preparation H!

    August 9, 2011 at 1:56 pm |
    • victim of democrat hypocrisy

      It must have eaten P F Chang's all weekend.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:01 pm |
      • Justme

        That's what I call a true Flaming Ah-So....

        August 9, 2011 at 2:07 pm |
    • me

      More like an H2 blocker. Going to get space Barrett's after a while.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:22 pm |
  62. Wzrd1

    What does not exist cannot be effected.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:46 pm |
  63. Fresh Prince

    Solar flares are nothing. If we ever have a gamma-ray burst come anywhere near our solar system, we're screwed.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:43 pm |
    • crenfroe45

      At least if it happens, we'll be dead before we knew what hit us.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:48 pm |
    • Jeff

      I hope I turn into The Thing.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:48 pm |
    • enceladus14

      My thoughts, exactly.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:09 pm |
    • me

      Gamma ray burst? Apply SPF 60 and lick lots of lead pipes beforehand. Or just retreat into the basement for the duration. Honestly people, read a textbook.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:26 pm |
  64. BBoy705

    I just made myself a cone hat out of aluminum foil which should protect me in the short term. My question though is knowing the solar storms will likely knock out the GPS satellites, will my old paper maps still work when I try to use them to escape to the country?

    KIDDING of course!

    August 9, 2011 at 1:42 pm |
    • Denizen Kate

      Good one! :-P

      August 9, 2011 at 2:31 pm |
  65. Jeff

    I am loving the sarcasm on here! Almost as much as the id10ts that can distiguish between it and a real comment. Nothing like making an outrageuos statement then watching people stroke out! LMFAO!!!!!

    August 9, 2011 at 1:41 pm |
  66. U Dummies

    I checked it out, it's 11 minutes.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:38 pm |
  67. wtf

    Fantastic Four?

    August 9, 2011 at 1:37 pm |
  68. robert

    Ok how long has the sun been burning for billions of years. if we have heat waves we have heat waves no big deal. And I laugh that these scientist at NASA always have to say, "oh in this year this will happen" ok wait for that year to come. And maybe this flare might be good in a scene, if it dose cut off it mess up electronics damn we need to be off the phones.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:34 pm |
    • Michael

      You misunderstand the importance. This isn't just cell phone usage. A large solar flare could knock out power grids, global communication even as minute as a basic radio broadcast system, and communication with planes, trains, and navy fleets. Do you want to be on a plane when suddenly the pilot doesn't have any communication with the ground or the other hundreds of planes that are traveling toward the same destination?

      This has nothing to do with heat waves. If you had actually read the article or had even the most basic understanding of the Sun's magnetism you would realize this...

      August 9, 2011 at 1:40 pm |
      • Burn out

        Maybe we'll get lucky and the credit company and debtors will lose all their data including their backups and we can all be debt free. Oh the banks may get hurt and the credit companies ... pardon me if I can't shed a tear for that.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:53 pm |
      • Brian

        Ahh but now they admit climate change is happening, they just don't believe fossil fuel burning people are the cause. As if squirrels would be burning 60 billion barrels of oil a day.

        August 9, 2011 at 2:12 pm |
      • Howie

        None of that can possibly happen, media is blowing a non-event out of proportion again due to a lack of understanding of basic science.

        August 10, 2011 at 3:15 pm |
    • WhatWhatWhat?

      WTF!!! Dude, you need medical attention right away.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:40 pm |
      • Aaron

        I don't understand what the big f–king deal is about global warming (or climate change as the tree huggers are now calling it), its all a big glob of BS so that governments can gain more and more control and have more to tax people for (carbon credits anyone?) I live in Indiana and I have experienced "climate change" 4 times a year here since day one. It's called "Spring", "Summer", "Fall", and "Winter". Trust me, its gonna be ok...at least till Jesus comes back at the Rapture, and if you're still here after that, THEN you can hit the panic button.

        August 9, 2011 at 5:08 pm |
      • seeing things wrong

        well... I'm relieved... I can trust you... I was starting to fall for that energy balance 'conspiracy theory' – you know those lies made up by the government that in – out + generation – consumption = accumulation... or in their more popular phrasing - you put more energy in then is allowed to leave a net increase results... this increase being sensed as heat and for a given thermal mass (earth) - is realized as temperature rise - I'm glad you laid all of those lies to rest and I can trust you though... thanks

        August 9, 2011 at 5:28 pm |
    • Chaz

      Gee I wonder if he's a Republican or a democrat? Yeah Global warming "is a myth". Which is why EVER SINGLE SUMMER for the past 20 years has gotten progressively hotter. These idiots will wait till it's 180 and finally go "Ok I'm ready to consider the global warming thing" Well, ya know, it will be a little TOO LATE THEN – NEANDERTHAL.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:49 pm |
      • Jmurph

        Really? I think you just made that stat up... please show me a reliable source that shows our summers have gotten progressively hotter...

        August 9, 2011 at 2:03 pm |
      • Rutu

        Chaz Words mean stuff. Your statement is patently false, as backed up by the IPCC. I know what you meant, but you didn't say it. You're just proving what we think of you anyway.

        August 9, 2011 at 2:11 pm |
      • WarPony

        Check out http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age for global arming – it's true – but, not man made. Pay particular attention to the "Variations in temperature, CO2, and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400,000 years" (pic on lower left).

        August 9, 2011 at 2:16 pm |
      • WarPony

        meant . . . lower right

        August 9, 2011 at 2:32 pm |
      • seeing things wrong

        warpony - please, find a more reliable source than wikipedia, thank you

        August 9, 2011 at 5:29 pm |
  69. Sam

    The flare can be powerful. Ask Bachmann. She was hit in the head the last time around.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:28 pm |
    • Tex71

      That's what she gets for wearing that tinfoil hat.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:46 pm |
    • i cant believe is not butter

      I want to blame bush and his old bush lady!! What what!!!!

      August 9, 2011 at 2:22 pm |
  70. RodBinNC

    Anyone see the Nick Cage move "Knowing"? I think the end is near. Kinda crappy if you just put a down payment on a house.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:25 pm |
    • beezer

      yea, and so close to the year 2012

      August 9, 2011 at 1:30 pm |
    • Fozz

      If you believe that the end is near based on watching "Knowing" then make sure you believe the sentiment put forth by Nick Cage's Father in the movie which is something like 'this isn't the end'. Everybody dies. If you have a year or if you have 75 years left, just make it count!

      August 9, 2011 at 1:34 pm |
    • Burn out

      Ah but if you're over 50, lost your house, your savings, your 401k and a business, this is a good thing.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:55 pm |
  71. RRMON

    I carry a BLACK STONE, found three months before the movie "Knowing' was released. Did take a while to figure out what the stone meant. The finding of the stone was a year after my business filling as an emergency planning consultant. Interesting.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:24 pm |
    • max magraw

      Would you mind emailing me? I am intrigued! my name at gmail.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:03 pm |
    • Cynical New Yorker

      @RRMON: Well, I carry a grey stone. And when you can snatch it from my palm, it will be time for you to leave...grasshopper.

      August 9, 2011 at 8:38 pm |
  72. willie

    AHHH! What a great time to be alive...

    August 9, 2011 at 1:24 pm |
  73. CJ

    I am a network admin and our internet has been flapping for past few days. Technicians stated that there is a lot of 'noise' on the lines. Also, I've had to replace 3 laptop power cords in past 2 days. A sign of things to come? Imagine the whole electrical grid being damaged that it is offline for months or even years? No economic recovery then! Nasa themselves says that it could happen.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:20 pm |
    • Fozz

      You mean no more C.O.D? No zombies?

      August 9, 2011 at 1:26 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      Expect mystery crashes and errors too. Weird spikes slip past power line conditioning, due to the extreme energy that "rings" the Earth's magnetic field like a bell.
      I've had a few odd crashes with the last CME that hit. Didn't lose any equipment though.
      NOAA has a mailing list that gives solar weather forecasts and CME warnings. At 0812 UTC there was a massive x-ray event, it's not the most powerful one so far, but it's up there.
      From old briefings, while I was doing DoD work, they're anticipating the loss of at least two GPS satellites during the solar maximum and probably one or two commercial birds too.
      Being up in the ISS doesn't sound like a fun thing right now!

      August 9, 2011 at 1:29 pm |
      • CJ

        No doubt that these are interesting times. I guess I should have mentioned that our UPS have clicked on and off quite a bit during this period indicating voltage fluctuations on the electrical lines. The worst is probably yet to come, unfortunately.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:31 pm |
    • debbie

      I have a sister goes by the name CJ. She's always flapping around saying the sky is falling too. Must be in the name.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:30 pm |
      • CJ

        You must be a liberal Obama worshiper.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:32 pm |
      • CJ

        I should also state that every 'Debbie' I have ever met has been a b!tch

        August 9, 2011 at 1:34 pm |
      • GetReal

        CJ, your mama drive a beer truck!

        August 9, 2011 at 1:43 pm |
      • 2pac-Chapelle

        Run up in your spot like CJ from san andreas!

        August 9, 2011 at 1:44 pm |
      • heynow

        you shut yer h0r mouth

        August 9, 2011 at 5:16 pm |
    • Ca Ed

      I too have had a lot of network issues but was attributing it to the bosses nitwit spawn that he hired.
      He couldn't hold a job at any other place so now he is our bright, new summer intern.

      He claims not to be touching the equipment but cables don't suddenly get loose, drop out of the connector or crawl to the neighboring port.

      Things were pretty stable until he showed but I guess we could blame the Solar Flares.

      Hmmm – new nickname for the brain fried intern - Solar Flare

      August 9, 2011 at 1:50 pm |
      • CJ

        We just let our other network guy go for the same reasons.
        If u don't know what u is doing... Don't touch the equipment!

        August 9, 2011 at 1:59 pm |
      • Burn out

        lmfao. I work with a few of those. The worse a tech does and the least he knows the better the corporation and the contract house threat them. Unreal. I know why Corporate America is dying. They hire based on BS rather than substance. No ethics, no sense, and they reward lazy incompetence. Solar flares for sure.

        August 9, 2011 at 2:00 pm |
    • ServerGnome

      I've had a few mystery failures over the past few days- a cpu module, two memory modules, and a power supply unit in my half of the datacenter over the course of a few days. There will probably be more (always are) as I spin up more of the servers for next week's clients. Unfortunately since we have a bargain-basement support contract (wasn't my idea, I fought against it but someone up high was trying to save pennies without regard for the long term again) it takes much longer to fix this stuff than it does to break it.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:25 pm |
  74. JGB

    GEEZ!! Quit telling us how bad it COULD be! Either the solar flare is pointed in our general direction or it isn't. Either way, there isn't much we can do, other than turning off sensitive electronics.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:19 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      Yeah, don't WARN anyone. We'll guess when to disconnect sensitive electronics. We'll GUESS when to shut down satellites. We'll wing it when to recall the men from the ISS.
      I'll take any warning I can get, as I LIKE protecting my assets.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:30 pm |
      • JGB

        Yes, I would tend to agree. However, media warnings never have any warnings except in hindsight. How about some person who knows something telling us something more definitive than COULD. So you may listen to all the sensationalist crap you want to. I have to actually research stuff so I don't lose my assets in case the media is wrong. Think Katrina, oil spill, etcetera.

        August 9, 2011 at 5:09 pm |
    • debbie

      amen

      August 9, 2011 at 1:31 pm |
  75. crystal unger

    even as i post this i wonder how many will see it ...but my opinion is that the sun is responsible for the heat waves around the globe ..boom ..solar flair sending uv radiation and other harmful rays will strike the earth..who knows what it could permantly do to our atmosphere if it hit the planet it could make it imposible to even go outside ..these are serious matters ..and the sad part is the united states people will probably be the last to know because our government will try to prevent a panic...i believe it will send us back into the dark ages ...

    August 9, 2011 at 1:16 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      You are an idiot. Pure, distilled idiocy is your currency.
      Here are the FACTS.
      The Earth has been hit by events FAR worse than this. Like the one mentioned in the story, where telegraph operators got shocked by pulses from the telegraph lines, where recorder paper and wax melted and burned in telegraph offices.
      Yet, there was NO ENVIRONMENT IMPACT, save for a few birds getting lost.
      In the 1970's, there was a massive CME that struck the Earth, it knocked the power out for a large section of Canada.
      ZERO environmental impact.
      Your hot air, MASSIVE environmental impact.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:33 pm |
      • Ca Ed

        Ever hear of the Little Ice Age?
        One theory was that it was caused by the lack of solar activity (Dalton Minimum) resulting in a drop in temp, resulting in a 300 year cold snap.

        what about Year Without a Summer?
        Again, a historic low of solar activity combined with a volcanic winter event.

        Don't be surprised if the largest, hottest object in our neighborhood has an effect on the entire planet.

        August 9, 2011 at 2:06 pm |
  76. tx3214

    I know somehow this is Obamas fault!

    August 9, 2011 at 1:16 pm |
    • RodBinNC

      Of course you are from Texas..The Pakistan of the US.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:26 pm |
      • sonic10158

        how can it be the Pakistan of the USA if it has the second largest economy in the US?

        August 10, 2011 at 12:21 am |
  77. Patrick

    Also, you 2012 people need to do some reading, the solar maximum won't occur until well within 2013. That theory is no longer part of your scenario, buddies.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:14 pm |
    • Fozz

      You do realize that 2013 is only about a week after the "end" of the Mayan calendar right? ;)

      August 9, 2011 at 1:27 pm |
      • Bob in Pa

        Finished my armageddon shelter last month. Tunneled down 35 feet into an old abandoned coal mine shaft. God bless those CO2 emitting fools for prepping my shelter 75 years ago.

        August 9, 2011 at 2:53 pm |
  78. josh

    The sun will kill us. ive dreampt it and already died. it will be night time in the US but the flare will hit us still. in the dream it was summer so im going to say when venus is in transit on june 17 next year.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:14 pm |
    • RodBinNC

      The Tea Party want to send a manned space craft to the Sun. When I asked how can you do that without burning up, the response was "we are going at night".

      August 9, 2011 at 1:28 pm |
      • Peter Goesinya

        I hope you're on it.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:47 pm |
      • The Fume

        LMFAO!!

        August 9, 2011 at 1:50 pm |
      • f1fan61

        GOOD ONE!

        August 9, 2011 at 2:18 pm |
      • sam

        ROFL

        August 9, 2011 at 3:58 pm |
    • sonic10158

      the sun will swallow up the Earth when it becomes a red giant.

      August 10, 2011 at 12:19 am |
  79. LostNomad

    Only if you're on a rollercoaster. I can't believe it's not duck!

    August 9, 2011 at 1:09 pm |
  80. Jeff

    Yes, it will probably shrink it more, causing you to have to go out and buy an even larger SUV or faster sports car to compensate for your lack of manhood.(not to mention intelligence!)

    August 9, 2011 at 1:08 pm |
  81. Sybaris

    Knowing

    August 9, 2011 at 1:08 pm |
  82. Your wife

    I hope so....I'm tired of wondering if it's in.

    August 9, 2011 at 1:07 pm |
    • Doug

      Ha ha ha, thanks for my laugh of the day!

      August 9, 2011 at 1:22 pm |
    • The Neighbor

      So, will you be stopping by at the usual time?

      August 9, 2011 at 1:28 pm |
  83. No0ne

    Whats a peinus?

    August 9, 2011 at 1:07 pm |
  84. jane

    Can we put Bush there?? I gezz its not enough as a punishment for putting as into this economic crisis. ..
    pls visit–> coolcent .com

    August 9, 2011 at 1:01 pm |
    • sonic10158

      dang libtards are stupid

      August 10, 2011 at 12:18 am |
  85. matt

    I HAVE A QUESTION!>>> If it takes light years for the suns rays to get to earth how come it only takes days for the energy from sun storms to get to earth?

    August 9, 2011 at 12:59 pm |
    • HighSchoolScience

      It only takes 11 minutes for the sun's energy to get to Earth

      August 9, 2011 at 1:03 pm |
      • Patrick

        8 actually.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:12 pm |
    • Phil

      It takes light only 8-1/2 minutes to get from the Sun to the Earth. Solar storms are particles (massive objects) and take several days to reach us.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:06 pm |
    • Jeff

      It takes 8 minutes for light leaving the sun to reach earth.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:06 pm |
      • RodBinNC

        I counted 20 minutes...then I opened my eyes.....

        August 9, 2011 at 1:29 pm |
    • insane

      Give me your full address incl. glalaxy you are in?

      August 9, 2011 at 1:07 pm |
    • Glen Wurden

      It only takes 8 minutes for light to get from the Sun to the Earth. You are thinking of the distances to other stars....not to our Sun. In fact, it also takes longer for solar flares to get to Earth, than light from the Sun does, because the charged particles from the flare travel much slower than the speed of light, and they have to deal with the magnetic fields in the solar system from the Sun, so they also don't go in a straight line.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:08 pm |
    • matt (also)

      it only takes a few minutes for light from the sun to reach the earth, not light years

      August 9, 2011 at 1:09 pm |
    • Erik

      The light from our Sun only takes about 8 minutes to get here. You're thinking about light from other suns, in other systems, the closest of which is Alpha Centauri – - about 4.37 light years away.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:11 pm |
    • Uhm, no

      What are you talking about? It only takes 8 minutes for sun's rays to get to Earth, not Light years. You could say it takes 8 light minutes for them to get to earth.

      These solar storms travel slower than light, hence why it takes days for them to reach The Earth.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:12 pm |
      • anonymous

        No, you couldn't. Because again, a light anything is the the distance light travels in that period of time. A light fortnight, would be the distance light travels in 2 weeks. A light second is the distance light travels in a second (186,282 miles, for the record). The earth is 8 light minutes from the sun. The star Betelgeuse, is about 300 light years from earth. Right now, voyager 1 is about 14 light HOURS from earth.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:23 pm |
    • Blake

      Lightyears?

      Go back to school man. A lightyear is how far light travels in one year. Light travels at 186,000 miles per second, meaning you've got about 11 minutes for light to get 93 million miles (from sun to Earth). It also means that matter ejected from the flare takes a few days, given that it's probably traveling at a much lower speed.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:12 pm |
      • Blake

        Sorry, that should be 8.3 minutes (calculator malfunction).

        August 9, 2011 at 1:14 pm |
      • Nicetry

        Sure, blame it on the calculator.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:30 pm |
    • WhatWhatWhat?

      Do the math, please: 93 million miles / 186,282 mi/sec / 60 sec = 8.32 minutes, for crying out loud!

      August 9, 2011 at 1:13 pm |
      • Blake

        Read the extra comment.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:15 pm |
      • WhatWhatWhat?

        Operator malfunction more likely.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:17 pm |
    • Bob

      It takes about 8 minutes for the sun's light to reach the earth.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:16 pm |
    • Ana

      It only takes 8 minutes for the light and heat from the sun to reach Earth. A light year is the distance light travels in one year, or 9.4605284 × 10^15 meters. The sun is only 150 million km from the earth.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:16 pm |
      • WhatWhatWhat?

        That really clears things up.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:20 pm |
    • Selmers

      You're an idiot! It only takes a couple of minutes for light to get from the Sun to the Earth.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:17 pm |
    • dave

      The light from the sun takes 8 minutes and 19 seconds to reach the earth. the sun is 93 million miles distant from the earth. just divide 93 million by the speed of light (186,200 miles /second) and you get the time in seconds for light to travel from the sun to the earth. About 499.5 seconds.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:18 pm |
      • WhatWhatWhat?

        Let's see, how many days is that?

        August 9, 2011 at 1:20 pm |
    • Aaron

      .............Because it takes about 8 minutes for sunlight to reach earth

      August 9, 2011 at 1:19 pm |
    • anon123

      F'ing idiot. A light year is a measure of DISTANCE, NOT TIME. 1 light year= the distance light travels in one year.
      Learn2space

      August 9, 2011 at 1:20 pm |
      • WhatWhatWhat?

        Because they're directly proportional, it can be used either way, like matter and energy are the same thing, just different sides of the coin. 93 million miles can be equivalently stated as 8.32 light-minutes, so it's a distance AND a time.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:25 pm |
    • stevec5375

      Are you allowed to vote and reproduce? I thought so. Now I know why the U.S. Congress is full of idiots.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:21 pm |
    • dingle

      How many of you idiots are going to give the same answer?? Geez, we get it.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:28 pm |
    • Chris

      Actually it takes a matter of minutes, around 7-8 for light leaving our sun to reach Earth. Also, "light years" is a term used to measure distance, not time. It is the distance light, traveling at approximiately 185,000 miles/second, travels in a year. I hope the solar flare does not further disrupt the electrical activity in your feable little mind.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:31 pm |
    • kisblast

      actually it's 8.4 minutes

      August 9, 2011 at 1:31 pm |
    • CJ

      If the sun went supernova, we'd all be dead in less than 10 minutes or a 'blink of an eye'

      August 9, 2011 at 1:37 pm |
      • WhatWhatWhat?

        The sun is not large enough to go supernova, or even plain nova. Worry about Sirius at 6 ly distance, a binary that WILL go supernova eventually.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:47 pm |
      • Pritika

        How many times can your eye blink in 10 minutes? Poor analogy unless you used the word 'relatively' as in 'relatively the blink of an eye'....you aren't the sharpest tool in the shed, are you?

        August 9, 2011 at 2:12 pm |
    • Dave

      Light years are a measure of distance, not time.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:39 pm |
      • Pritika

        Nah, time is measured in eye blinks...

        August 9, 2011 at 2:18 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      It takes 8 1/2 minutes for electromagnetic energy from the sun to reach Earth, x-rays, light, radio waves, etc.
      PARTICLES, such as helium nuclei, protons and electrons have mass, hence are slower than light by far. MOST CME's take 3-4 days to reach the Earth, though some REALLY STRONG ones hit at day one or two from the ejection.
      All particles strike the Earth's magnetic field, distorting it, which induce electrical currents in long conductors, such as telephone lines, power lines and long wire antennae.
      The particles then follow the Earth's magnetic field lines, some of them actually making it to the upper atmosphere, which ionizes as the Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis, aka the Northern Lights and Southern Lights.
      The Earth's magnetic field stretches behind the planet (the side opposite the sun) until it "snaps" and reconnects, generating massive geomagnetic storms, which can damage electrical equipment as well as the initial impulse of the "impact".
      Satellites are in grave danger for significant CME events and the astronauts in the ISS are in significant danger during a significant CME, not to mention the initial x-ray event common with a flare and CME.
      NOAA has a mailing list with solar weather and CME impact predictions, when one strikes.
      We had one x-ray event this morning at 08:12 GMT.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:44 pm |
    • Denizen Kate

      Wow, matt, looks like you got more answers than you wanted. Thanks for asking, though . . . these were some fun posts!

      August 9, 2011 at 2:42 pm |
  86. Sitting in the back of CA's vehicle

    Ahhh, we're all going to die!!!! Someone get me out of this lunatic's car!!!!

    August 9, 2011 at 12:52 pm |
  87. marty

    Finally a problem we cannot blame on the clowns in Washington ...

    August 9, 2011 at 12:35 pm |
    • Yeah but...

      I still blame Bush and Chaney...

      August 9, 2011 at 12:43 pm |
      • MIAMISOWN

        GOOD ONE!

        August 9, 2011 at 12:51 pm |
      • Elmer Fudd

        Bush is too stupid. And who's Chaney?

        August 9, 2011 at 12:54 pm |
      • Selmers

        Cheney?

        August 9, 2011 at 1:18 pm |
    • KMZ

      Oh, i am sure some moron will still try to point fingers and blame them..... oh well, right?? LOL

      August 9, 2011 at 12:44 pm |
    • ScienceGod

      Remember this post and please answer people who complain about NASA budgets: we need this science. We need NASA. Not only does NASA offer tens of thousands of really great jobs for highly skilled people, exploitation of planetary science also gives us tremendous direct benefits to every person living in this country.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:18 pm |
      • Greg Forest

        I dunno. To me it looks like Virgin Galactic will get at least sub orbital as safely and much cheaper than NASA ever dreamed of. With the economic situation being what it is, I can't see government taking us much further into space. I am not a corporatist by any means but it looks like the private sector will be getting further into space than NASA in years to come. There are just too many potential resources out there. As soon as they find oil on the moon, you can bet Chaney will crawl out of his crypt and declare war on it.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:45 pm |
      • Wzrd1

        Yeah, Virgin Atlantic can quickly and safely get to orbit with 1/10th of the payload as those shuttles, so it's FAR more useful! Why, they'll be able to loft golf balls into orbit!

        August 9, 2011 at 1:47 pm |
      • Greg Forest

        OK. Contest. Put eight people in a spacecraft and lift them into zero/microgravity environment. Winner of contest is the one who can do it safely with the lowest cost. I really don't think NASA has a chance. As for big payloads, just give it time, It took NASA a lot of bucks just to get that first orbit back in the 60's. And yes, I realize that the private sector is standing on the shoulders of NASA engineering giants. NASA just needs to look at something more efficient than huge LOX boosters. Any retreat from space at this juncture in time is not a good idea but I will be VERY impressed when NASA can lift at the same or lower costs.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:59 pm |
  88. CA

    I am so fascinated by the solar storms. It is fascinating what electrical anomolies occur when these massive nucular explosions travel through space at a warp speed, and impact the fragile magnetic shell around us. Very, very exciting. perhaps a 2012 type apocolypse will be the result of massive solar flarea as well..love it.

    August 9, 2011 at 12:30 pm |
    • CA

      nuclear.......okay, I was driving when I posted...sorry spell checker fans I am an awful person.

      August 9, 2011 at 12:32 pm |
      • Eyes Up, Phone Down

        Why are you posting comments while you are driving? I hope you end up in a terrible accident. You won't care about spell check when you're dead, or if you kill someone else.

        August 9, 2011 at 12:38 pm |
      • DaNomad

        Good idea, read stories and post comments while driving. Won't be too worried about your spelling when you kill someone.

        August 9, 2011 at 12:38 pm |
      • K

        You're not awful because you miss-typed, you're awful because you text while driving.

        August 9, 2011 at 12:38 pm |
      • @K

        He's an awful person for reading CNN

        August 9, 2011 at 12:45 pm |
      • KMZ

        Why on earth would you admint to posting while driving. Remind to NEVER drive anywhere near you- I value my life and the lives around me too much to be in danager as a result of your sheer stupidity.

        August 9, 2011 at 12:46 pm |
      • Sauce

        Maybe he was at a red light?

        August 9, 2011 at 12:49 pm |
      • ME

        ... And of course, you all know exactly what his environment was when he posted, whether he was at a traffic light or even if he was in traffic at all?

        Not one to normally White Knight here, but all you Nanny State Prudes here need to just drop dead already, since you're so convinced everything and anything is such a huge danger that must be regulated and/or abolished. At least we won't hear your whining and have your fingers wagging in our faces. Of course, your survivors will find something to blame your death on, because it couldn't be because your time sucking oxygen on this planet is done.

        August 9, 2011 at 12:54 pm |
      • Sauce

        U MAD BRO?

        August 9, 2011 at 1:36 pm |
      • Wzrd1

        ME, I never suggested that he be regulated.
        Frankly, if an idiot is texting while driving and hits my car, they're dead. The accident will break their neck.
        That will be my explanation for what happened to them...

        August 9, 2011 at 1:49 pm |
      • heynow

        Hold up, bro, a bunch of self-righteous a$$holes want to ignore anything to do with your post in favor of chastising you for something they also do on a reg. basis because they've got the attnetion span of squirrels.

        August 9, 2011 at 6:09 pm |
    • Denizen Kate

      Where are you, exactly? Assume somewhere in CA. Me, too. Just let me know which roads to avoid today, please.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:49 pm |
  89. orion

    when will we realize that our wasteful resources are having an effect on our environment and global warming is affecting the sun as well now!!!

    August 9, 2011 at 12:29 pm |
    • DaNomad

      orion, my hope is you are being sarcastic, otherwise that is one of the most ludicrous statements I have ever read. Earth's global warming is now impacting the sun...good grief.

      August 9, 2011 at 12:33 pm |
    • BeamMeUpScotty

      Global warming is not affecting the sun! LMAO!

      August 9, 2011 at 12:35 pm |
    • shakinghead

      @orion. global warming has no effect whatsoever on the sun. To think that our insignificant planet's weather patterns can affect the surface of the sun is ridiculous. This is a natural cycle of activity that the sun goes into every 11 years roughly and we are just moving into a new solar cycle. This has been going since the earth was formed so to say that the sun is the only thing affecting global warming is naive and an attempt to overlook man's very real impact on this planet.

      August 9, 2011 at 12:36 pm |
    • tim

      @orion, you are seriously retarded! nothing we ever do here on EARTH will ever affect the sun....93 MILLION MILES AWAY. go back living in your gay prius you stupid hippie!

      August 9, 2011 at 12:37 pm |
      • TIM'S MOM

        TIMMY I THOUGHT YOU WERE AT THE LIBRARY STUDYING; NOT BEING A D!CK ON THE INTERNETS AGAIN LIKE WE AGREED

        August 9, 2011 at 3:56 pm |
    • orion

      I couldn't help it. =[

      August 9, 2011 at 12:39 pm |
      • tim

        well next time you want to say something...first, take off the tin foil cap...second, climb down from your treehouse....third, go to the nearest highway and play in oncoming traffic and get the thoughts from the first 'eco-friendly' car you see.

        August 9, 2011 at 12:45 pm |
    • marty

      Is this a failed joke or a successful demonstration of your stupidity ? nothing on this earth can possibly affect the sun in any way.

      August 9, 2011 at 12:44 pm |
    • orion

      wow, a lot of angry people on what it should have been just an LMAO or LOL. =]

      August 9, 2011 at 12:53 pm |
      • Tal

        There is so much stupidity on the internet that people can hardly be blamed for failing to get sarcasm. Or in other words:

        "Without a winking smiley or other blatant display of humor, it is utterly impossible to parody extremism in such a way that it won't be mistaken for the real thing"

        August 9, 2011 at 1:14 pm |
      • Nicetry

        Winking smilies also also often used by jaded nihilistic sociopaths.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:34 pm |
      • Yakobi.

        Well, _I_ laughed. Just goes to show how many stupid people there are out there with a computer and no sense of humor.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:54 pm |
      • NJMike

        I agree – people need to chill........it was hilarious though!!!

        Actually its the Tea Baggers and their unbending stance on the debt limit and budget that are causing the sun to act up..........

        August 9, 2011 at 2:30 pm |
    • Stan

      Holy sh*t, are you people all THAT stupid to realize he was being sarcastic?

      August 9, 2011 at 1:04 pm |
      • ScienceGod

        lol... apparently not.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:19 pm |
    • Never shocked by comments

      This entire thread is an embarrassment to the human race. Orion...thank you for the laugh. Everyone else...thank you for making me laugh even harder. Hey Orion, next time, follow it up R E A L L Y slowly with, "I was joking, you retarded d-bags"

      August 9, 2011 at 1:20 pm |
      • orion

        lol... i jotted this down as an advice.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:35 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      HOW MANY TIMES MUST I APOLOGIZE?! OK, look, I'll apologize again. I was taking readings inside of Mercury's orbit and shouldn't have ate those beans.
      Look, it happens, OK? Sorry all that methane ionized and created that ionic channel, who knew a sunspot pair was going to be in range of flatulenium?
      SORRY ALREADY!

      August 9, 2011 at 1:51 pm |
  90. asdf

    Bah the sun is weenie. Where is that nearby GRB that will take out our ozone layer which might be what killed %95 of all life 250 million years ago.

    August 9, 2011 at 12:28 pm |
    • Howie

      GRB has no effect on Ozone. It causes cell death in all organic molecules in its path, so possibly wiped out all life on one side of the planet 250 million years ago. No damage to Ozone though.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:58 pm |
      • seeing things wrong

        cells are made of molecules not vice versa....

        August 9, 2011 at 5:42 pm |
  91. wonderabout

    @Malkntnt – please read your headline out loud! .... the current headline for this story is not sensationalized – "could" being the operative word.... headlines don't have to necessarily be grammatically correct sentences....

    August 9, 2011 at 12:24 pm |
  92. caw

    I meant geothermal of course...geez

    August 9, 2011 at 12:23 pm |
  93. caw

    Scott, I can guarantee that the Sun is the cause of MOST of the global warming (the rest comes from thermodynamic activity.) It's a matter of what man does that prevents that heat from escaping back into space.

    August 9, 2011 at 12:20 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      It's long been ascertained that global warming is NOT being caused by solar forcing. Solar output has remained where it HAS been.
      They're considering a few other factors, to include orbital elements that cause the cycles of warming and cooling, along with greenhouse gas emissions from Earth itself and aerosol production from natural disasters. Add on top, human contribution, the picture gains a LOT of elements. The solar output NOT being one of the elements, as it's been relatively static in output since life has been on Earth.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:56 pm |
  94. Brian4928

    I wonder how urANUS feels about this...

    August 9, 2011 at 12:18 pm |
  95. Shaneekuah

    man i dont believe non this. white ppl be lyin to us. they just wants our $$$. im not payin for this "EXPLOSIONS" i not buyin this. its all said to trick us. they be hurting us. its wrong. they want to take our stuff. well i say never again!!!

    August 9, 2011 at 12:18 pm |
    • Skyler

      Wow. What a well educationed response.
      By the way, my statement is called "sarcasm". It is when you said the opposite of what you mean.
      Take an english class.

      August 9, 2011 at 12:27 pm |
      • Skyler

        I meant 'educated'. See I can't spell!!! haha

        August 9, 2011 at 12:28 pm |
    • conoclast

      English Spoken Here - or are you some kind of cheap-shot shill?

      August 9, 2011 at 12:33 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      The US hasn't spoken English in nearly two centuries. We speak American.
      I happen to be fluent in American AND in English, courtesy of decades of working with the US Department of Defence, largely wearing the colour green. ;)

      August 9, 2011 at 1:59 pm |
      • Agilis

        Department of Defense*

        August 9, 2011 at 2:41 pm |
    • John

      I can't believe you saw through our clever ruse! Yes, we DID make up this story to take black people's money because this article obviously tells black people to pay us for this information or for protection.
      In all seriousness, are you really so eager to play the race card that you blame the effects of solar flares on white people?

      August 9, 2011 at 3:16 pm |
    • jon

      ha ha...thats funny. are you kin to kanye west? lol

      August 9, 2011 at 6:05 pm |
  96. Reddit

    The sun is so dirty. Giving it to the whole solar system at once. I just wish my mom wasn't so fat.

    August 9, 2011 at 12:16 pm |
  97. Malkntnt

    Quick! Let's blame this on Obama!!! (sarcasm)

    August 9, 2011 at 12:15 pm |
    • Mike

      And if you're a Liberal, blame Bush. See? Both sides like to play the blame game.

      August 9, 2011 at 12:54 pm |
      • sonic10158

        too bad there's no 'like' button

        August 10, 2011 at 12:15 am |
  98. Malkntnt

    The headline should read: "Solar explosions could HAVE AN impact Earth" the way it's worded now, it sounds like they will IMPACT (as in come into contact with) the earth. Obviously that would be an end of life as we know it type of moment. PLEASE stop the sensationalism!!! We're getting really tired of it.

    August 9, 2011 at 12:14 pm |
    • conoclast

      Come on dude, the solar wind 'comes in contact with the earth' all the time; that's why there are auroras, among other things. Maybe the 'sensationalism' is in your head, hmm?

      August 9, 2011 at 12:26 pm |
    • KMZ

      WE or YOU?

      August 9, 2011 at 12:51 pm |
    • ScienceGod

      Most people do not understand solar science, so it is easy to see how that headline may lead some folks to believe that a pyroclastic event (of Mayan proportions) was approaching Earth. I printed out the page – superimposed an image of a man with an umbrella – and taped it to my office door (for laughs, of course).

      August 9, 2011 at 1:27 pm |
    • Wzrd1

      ScienceGod, even scientists don't quite understand solar science, as it's a field STILL in its infancy.
      They STILL haven't fully worked out WHY the corona is hotter than the "surface" of the sun.
      Solar seismology HAS opened up great amounts of knowledge about the interior of the sun though.

      August 9, 2011 at 2:01 pm |
    • Heather

      How else do you think they are going to get people to click a science article? ;)

      August 9, 2011 at 4:32 pm |
  99. Scott C

    So let's get this straight. The Sun is capable of launching energy at us that could cripple our electronics, and in the past has caused crude electrical devices to malfunction and even cause fires. Yet people still don't think the Sun's activity has anything to do with global warming???

    August 9, 2011 at 12:13 pm |
    • DaNomad

      Actually Scott, read Orion's post. Apparently the Earth's global warming is sucking the energy from the sun.

      August 9, 2011 at 12:36 pm |
      • ScienceGod

        to whit, he admitted a poorly executed bid for sarcasm. Nice post, though. Orion's post is a keeper too.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:28 pm |
    • being frank

      Yes the sun has magnetic storms which can lead to earthquakes volcanos and animal rage.
      But for now the media just needs you to know about electronic toys and intense solar heat-Dallas.
      Watch out – the Mayans were way ahead of the curve and highly advanced in star reading.
      From now to late 2012 is the solar max...storms a brewing.

      August 9, 2011 at 12:40 pm |
      • Never shocked by comments

        Oh yes...the Mayans. They were way ahead of us...they were so busy killing each other in mass sacrifices that they failed to invent telescopes or gunpowder (which they definitely could have used when whitey came along with wheels, guns and starcharts.

        Mayans are spotlighted by historians for no other reason than political correctness. Historically, their civilization was humiliated by Europe.

        August 9, 2011 at 1:32 pm |
      • PRAVDA

        "never shocked"
        you must wear YOUR color on your sleeve!

        August 9, 2011 at 4:59 pm |
    • Michael Wong

      Scott is one of those nitwits who makes broad statements about what scientists are saying, without bothering to check what scientists are ACTUALLY saying.

      Global warming theory does NOT dismiss the effect of sun cycles. In fact, it incorporates it, but you wouldn't know that, because you have no interest in learning about it. You only want to learn JUST enough to dismiss it in your mind, and then stop.

      August 9, 2011 at 1:31 pm |
      • Wzrd1

        Except that solar forcing has been discredited as a contribution to global warming. Solar output has been remarkably stable, with very little increases or decreases in output.
        That said, the sun IS a measurable amount warmer when there are large numbers of sunspots, but the extra heat received by the Earth is miniscule.

        August 9, 2011 at 2:04 pm |
    • John

      The sun has been steady for a very, very long time. These flares are cyclical. The sun is not, so far as we know, becoming hotter, so no, the sun is not to blame for global warming. The depletion of our Ozone layer and the buildup of pollutants in our atmosphere are to blame for that.

      August 9, 2011 at 3:11 pm |
  100. rtbrno65

    Maybe Hugh Hefner can take a lesson from the Sun.

    August 9, 2011 at 12:09 pm |
    • TX4UREXKARLENE

      Recurring flare- ups ? Lol

      August 9, 2011 at 12:40 pm |
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