Remnant of a Supernova
February 6th, 2012
01:43 PM ET

Remnant of a Supernova

"Vital clues about the devastating ends to the lives of massive stars can be found by studying the aftermath of their explosions. In its more than twelve years of science operations, NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has studied many of these supernova remnants sprinkled across the galaxy.

The latest example of this important investigation is Chandra's new image of the supernova remnant known as G350.1+0.3. This stellar debris field is located some 14,700 light years from the Earth toward the center of the Milky Way.

Evidence from Chandra and from ESA's XMM-Newton telescope suggest that a compact object within G350.1+0.3 may be the dense core of the star that exploded. The position of this likely neutron star, seen by the arrow pointing to "neutron star" in the inset image, is well away from the center of the X-ray emission. If the supernova explosion occurred near the center of the X-ray emission then the neutron star must have received a powerful kick in the supernova explosion.

Data suggest this supernova remnant, as it appears in the image, is 600 and 1,200 years old. If the estimated location of the explosion is correct, this means the neutron star has been moving at a speed of at least 3 million miles per hour since the explosion.

Another intriguing aspect of G350.1+0.3 is its unusual shape. Many supernova remnants are nearly circular, but G350.1+0.3 is strikingly asymmetrical as seen in the Chandra data in this image (gold). Infrared data from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope (light blue) also trace the morphology found by Chandra. Astronomers think that this bizarre shape is due to stellar debris field expanding into a nearby cloud of cold molecular gas.

The age of 600-1,200 years puts the explosion that created G350.1+0.3 in the same time frame as other famous supernovas that formed the Crab and SN 1006 supernova remnants. However, it is unlikely that anyone on Earth would have seen the explosion because of the obscuring gas and dust that lies along our line of sight to the remnant.

These results appeared in the April 10, 2011 issue of The Astrophysical Journal."

Source: NASA

Filed under: Light up the screen
soundoff (5 Responses)
  1. powderPUFF

    i agree

    February 13, 2012 at 11:07 pm |
  2. ChuckS

    What a waist of money for a countgry on the edge of bankruptsy. We can't pay our debts but continue to speen billions on space and people listing for voices from other worlds. What a stupid use of tax money.

    February 10, 2012 at 12:56 pm |
    • Chris R

      What? So your solution is to cut all funding to any thing that isn't of immediate use? Shutting down these programs and putting thousands of highly trained people out of work will help the economy? C'mon, use your head. Anyway, the things we learn from exploration like this *does* matter. It does help us. Basic research like this leads to developments in unexpected areas. Sort of like how we got better electronics out of the space race.

      February 14, 2012 at 1:45 pm |
  3. jeff

    ... cue' Liz Phair... "SUPERNOVA"

    February 7, 2012 at 4:05 am |

Contributors

  • Elizabeth LandauElizabeth Landau
    Writer/Producer
  • Sophia DengoSophia Dengo
    Senior Designer